Soy Wax is a vegetable wax made from the oil of soybeans. After harvesting, the beans are cleaned, cracked, de-hulled, and rolled into flakes. The oil is then extracted from the flakes and hydrogenated. The hydrogenation process converts some of the fatty acids in the oil from unsaturated to saturated. This process dramatically alters the melting point of the oil, making it a solid at room temperature. The left over bean husks are commonly used as animal feed. The U.S. grows a vast majority of the world's soy beans, primarly in Illinois, Iowa, and Indiana
How it is used?
Soy wax is used by candle makers in a number of ways. It can be used straight, blended with natural oils, or mixed with paraffin wax to form a "parasoy" wax. This style is commonly used in votive or piller style candles.
What are it's advantages?
Soy greatest advantage is that it's completely renewable. While the global reserves of oil shrink and paraffin prices increases, the only limit to the soy supply is how much we choose to grow. The soy purchased today was likely in the ground less than a year ago and chances are the same field is growing more soy for the candles to be made in the future.
In addition to it's sustainability, a well made soy candle will burn cleanly and slowly, much to the delight of you the customer. While the performance and beauty of a soy candle speaks for itself. Soy candles are eco-friendly, renewable, American grown, substainable, carbon neutral; and the list goes on and on.
What is Carbon Neutral?
You may think that carbon neutral simply means that something does not release any carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This is true to an extant, however it is too simple of a defination. It is possible to release CO2 into the atmosphere and still be carbon neutral. So long as it is balanced by a CO2 reduction elsewhere.
Biofuels are carbon neutral, even though burning them releases CO2. You may ask how this is possible? The carbon fuel in the biofuel comes from photosynthesis, where CO2 is captured from the atmosphere by a plant and turned into glucose. The glucose can then be turned into more complicated moleclues such as sugars, starches, oils and proteins. Sugars and starches can easily be converted into bioethanol, while oils can be converted into biodiesel. Carbon is removed from the atmosphere, stored in plants for a few months, than released when the biofuel is burned. For every gram of CO2 released by burning a biofuel, there was a gram removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis just a few months ago. This perfect balance is why biofuels are carbon neutral.